As kidney function declines, you may need to eat foods with less phosphorus and potassium. Your healthcare provider will use laboratory tests to check the levels of phosphorus and potassium in your blood, and you can work with your dietician to adjust your eating plan. As CKD worsens, you may need to make other changes to your diet. This could mean reducing the consumption of foods that are high in protein, especially animal proteins.
These include meat, seafood, and dairy products. You may also need additional iron. Talk to your doctor about iron-rich foods you can eat when you have CKD. People with compromised kidney function should follow a renal or renal diet to reduce the amount of waste in the blood.
Wastes in the blood come from the foods and liquids that are consumed. When kidney function is compromised, the kidneys don't filter or eliminate waste properly. If residues remain in the blood, they can adversely affect the patient's electrolyte levels. Following a kidney diet can also help promote kidney function and slow the progression of complete kidney failure.
Talk to a dietician about the foods you like or about any special requirements you have (for example, if you're a vegetarian or have food allergies) and he'll help you create a kidney-friendly eating plan that's right for you. Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietician (a person with special training in nutrition and nutrition to find out what foods are right for people with kidney disease). Include foods that don't harm the kidneys and limits other foods and liquids so that certain minerals in those foods, such as potassium, don't build up at high levels in the body.
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